The Chile community in NSW is the second largest Latin American community, with over 12,000 Chilean Australians living in NSW. According to the Embassy of Chile in Australia, Chilean migration to Australia occurred at different times from the late 19th century and throughout the 20th century.
Chilean people first arrived in great numbers in late 1970s and 1980s, mostly in exile as a result of the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1989). Migration studies demonstrate that late 20th century Chilean migration to Australia occurred in three distinguishable waves. In the 1960s, especially between the years 1968-70, around 1,500-2,000 Chileans arrived in Australia as a consequence of the economic recession produced during the government of Eduardo Frei Montalva, and the high level of unemployment at the termination of his administration.
Also of note, the first Labor Party Prime Minister of Australia, Chris Watson, was born in Valparaiso, Chile the son of a Chilean citizen of German descent. The Chilean community has made it mark across Sydney, with many Chilean restaurants, cultural and art shops opening.